12 Angry Men (1957) was written by Reginald Rose and directed by Sidney Lumet. Rose (1920-2002) is considered to be one of the greatest television writers in America. He also wrote a number of films and stage plays. What distinguished Rose from other writers was his directness in tackling societal problems. 12 Angry Men was inspired by Rose’s own experience of serving on a jury. It was first written for TV (1954), then rewritten for the stage (1955) and then for film.
Watch any version(s) you like. Following the list of productions is the screenplay of the film and an analysis of the jury by a University of California Berkeley law professor. The comments on the screenplay were on the PDF file I downloaded.
Original 1954 TV version – the story was written for live television viewing – no replays, no retakes
1957 film – cast included Henry Fonda and Lee J. Cobb
Actors Studio of Newburyport (Massachusetts) – rewritten as 12 Angry Women
recent American high school production – rewritten as 12 Angry Jurors –